Introduction

Sports Medicine, also known as Sports and Exercise Medicine (SEM), is a branch of medicine that deals with physical fitness, treatment, and prevention of injuries related to sports and exercise. Although most sports teams have employed team physicians for many years, it is only since the late 20th century that Sports Medicine has emerged as a distinct field of health care.

Sports doctors in Hyderabad Specialising in the treatment of athletes and other physically active individuals, sports and exercise medicine physicians have extensive education in musculoskeletal medicine. Sports doctors in Hyderabad, SEM doctors treat injuries related to muscle, ligament, tendon and bone problems, but may also treat chronic illnesses that can affect physical performance, such as asthma and diabetes. They also advise on adopting practices that help in managing and preventing injuries.

Specialists in SEM diagnose and treat any medical conditions which regular exercisers or sports persons encounter. The majority of a Sports doctors in Hyderabad, SEM physician’s time is therefore spent treating musculoskeletal injuries, however, other conditions include Sports Cardiology issues, Unexplained Underperformance Syndrome, Exercise-Induced Asthma, screening for cardiac abnormalities and Diabetes in sports. In addition, team physicians working in elite sports often play a role in Performance Medicine, whereby an athlete’s physiology is monitored, and aberrations corrected, in order to achieve peak physical performance.

Sports doctors in Hyderabad, SEM consultants also deliver clinical physical activity interventions, negating the burden of disease directly attributable to physical inactivity and the compelling evidence for the effectiveness of exercise in the primary, secondary and tertiary prevention of disease.

Common Sports Injuries

Muscle Cramps – A sudden tight, intense pain caused by a muscle locked in spasm. Muscle cramps are also recognised as involuntary and forcibly contracted muscles that do not relax.

ACL Sprains – The Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) is a ligament involved in knee stabilisation. An ACL rupture can occur when the foot is planted and the knee twists to change the direction.

ACL Tears – The Anterior Cruciate Ligament; one of the four major knee ligaments necessary for comfortable knee movement, tears, causing major pain leading the concerned knee to “give out”. The knee ACL can tear for a number of reasons.

Ankle Sprain – The ligaments that hold the ankle bones in place can easily be overstretched resulting in a sprain of the same.

Shin Splints – The tissue that attaches the muscles of the lower leg to the shin bone may be pulling away from the bone, or it may be inflamed from overuse.

Muscle Strains – Tears in the muscle that cause pain and or loss of function can result in muscle strains.